Polémique dans le village autour d’un crématorium (L’Express, 5 juillet 2010).
Le convoi sortira de chez sa fille, 4B, rue Edwin Ythier, Rose-Hill demain le 5 novembre à 9.00 a.m. pour se rendre à l’église Notre Dame de Lourdes et, de là, au Palma Crematorium pour la crémation. (Le Mauricien, 4 novembre 2009).
« Cela fait plusieurs mois que nous avons attiré l’attention des autorités sur l’état lamentable de notre crématorium et du cimetière mais rien n’a changé », c’est ce [que] déclare Manoj Ramroop, président des forces vives du village. (L’Express, 22 juin 2010).
Notre plus grand problème demeure la foire. C’est une véritable pagaille chaque dimanche. Nous avons suggéré l’installation d’obstacles, la construction d’un espace vert, la construction d’un nouveau terrain de football pour libérer celui qui se trouve à côté de l’école primaire. Cette école se trouve dans un état de délabrement et les toilettes sont dans un mauvais état. Il n’y a aucun club de troisième âge et les vieux se réunissent sous des arbres. Il n’y a aucun abribus. L’état du crématorium du village se détériore et j’en passe. (L’Express, 27 juin 2005.)
Religious views on cremation
Islam categorically disapproves cremation.
The Indian religions, such as Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism, mandate open-air cremation. In these religions, the body is seen as an instrument to carry the soul.
Balinese Hinduism is widely divergent from the Indian Hindu orthodoxy. As such, most practices of the Indian Hindu « mainstream » are ignored and abandoned, especially regarding the use of butter. Balinese Hindu dead are generally buried for a period of time, which may exceed one month or more, so that the cremation ceremony (Ngaben) can occur on an auspicious day in the Balinese-Javanese Calendar system (« Saka »). Additionally, if the departed was a court servant, member of the court or minor noble, the cremation can be postponed up to several years to coincide with the cremation of their Prince. Balinese funerals are very expensive and the body may be interred until the family can afford it or until there is a group funeral planned by the village or family when costs will be less. The purpose of burying the corpse is for the decay process to consume the fluids of the corpse, which allows for an easier, more rapid and more complete cremation.
The Roman Catholic Church’s discouragement of cremation stemmed from several ideas: first, that the body, as the instrument through which the sacraments are received, is itself a sacramental, holy object; second, that as an integral part of the human person, it should be disposed of in a way that honors and reverences it, and many early practices involved with disposal of dead bodies were viewed as pagan in origin or an insult to the body; and third, that it constituted a denial of the resurrection of the body. Cremation was forbidden because it might interfere with God’s ability to resurrect the body.
Protestant churches were much more welcoming of the use of cremation and at a much earlier date than the Catholic Church; pro-cremation sentiment was not unanimous among Protestants, however. The first crematoria in the Protestant countries were built in 1870s (…)
On the other hand, some branches of Christianity oppose cremation, including some minority Protestant groups and Orthodox. Most notably, the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox Churches forbid cremation.
Judaism traditionally disapproved of cremation in the past (it was the traditional means of disposing the dead in the neighboring Bronze Age cultures). It has also disapproved of preservation of the dead by means of embalming and mummifying, a practice of the ancient Egyptians. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, as the Jewish cemeteries in many European towns had become crowded and were running out of space, cremation became an approved means of corpse disposal amongst the Liberal Jews. Current liberal movements like Reform Judaism still support cremation, although burial remains the preferred option. The Orthodox Jews have maintained a stricter line on cremation, and disapprove of it as Halakha (Jewish law) forbids it.
The Bahá’í Faith forbids cremation, except when required by law.
Traditionally, Zoroastrianism disavows cremation or burial to preclude pollution of fire or earth. The traditional method of corpse disposal is through ritual exposure in a « Tower of Silence », but both burial and cremation are increasingly popular alternatives.
Neo-Confucianism under Zhu Xi strongly discourages cremation of one’s parents’ corpses as unfilial.